An estimated 22.5 million drug users in the US survey of 2014 have been diagnosed as needing treatment and only about 11.6% of the estimated number have so far undergone rehabilitation treatment, but the remaining have yet to seek treatment but have not made a major effort because of the following reasons: financial problems, a lack of insurance to cover for the treatment, or the inability to look for the appropriate treatment. Families and communities, as well as schools, must be given intensive information campaign on drug abuse and how to confirm the signs that show that someone is into a drug menace problem and needs help, to which the following are noticeable signs of a drug dependent – there is a withdrawn act of not going to work or school and not be performing his/her obligations; withdrawal from social activities or social relationships with one’s own circle of family, friends, co-workers, school mates; there is a continuous dependency on drug use causing more harm on the physical and psychological state that can even lead into abnormal actions and violence; making unsuccessful attempts to stop using drugs or withdrawing from it but appears to have the loss of control and can be violent; and breaking the withdrawal rules and experiencing a strong craving to use back the drugs.
Drug centers require a rehabilitation or rehab program for drug dependent users and the rehabilitation process requires first an assessment of the physical and psychological condition, the seriousness of the addiction, and health risks so a special designed treatment can be recommended and for the rehab program to meet its goal of restoring back as much as possible what was lost by the drug dependent on his/her life – physical, sensory, and mental capabilities. The first step, before treatment ever begins, is known as the detox process, which is a must procedure that puts the drug dependent to go through the process of clearing the body of drug substance, often prescribing medications to treat withdrawal symptoms and, when in a treatment center, the facilities should provide a safe environment for achieving abstinence from drugs and stabilization of the drug dependent’s condition, prior to starting with the actual treatment program. As soon as the patient successfully passes the detox process, treatment services are designed specifically to the needs of the patient based on the initial assessment of his/her level of addiction, otherwise, the treatment care program has the following services: a combination of individual and group therapies and the number of sessions are based according to the therapist’s evaluation; a series of sessions between physicians, facility caregiver/therapist; educational and support services, a healthy leisure activity to promote clean fun; aftercare program, which is a transitioning service for the patient to undergo until he/she is declared outpatient; and a provision of a self-recovery program to prepare the patient to be restored into the normal order of society.